Pharmacy is the health profession that links the health sciences with the chemical sciences and it is charged with ensuring the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The word derives from the Greek: φάρμακον (pharmakon), meaning "drug" or "medicine.
The Indian traditional systems of medicine have been Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani. Aurveda and Siddha originated in India itself. Unani, the Greco- Arabic medical system, came from West Asia. The European colonizers brought the western system of medicine to the country. During the colonial period, the new system, commonly referred to as allopathy, got firmly established. It held the sway and came to have controlling influence on health care. On the country attaining independence here was no going back.
The medico-pharmaceutical development of the modern period is an attractive subject of study. This investigator chose to explore the history of modern pharmacy in India and related aspects of the span covering the last several centuries, including also the pharmaceutical progress in the independent India. The research started in late 1980s. in the initial years the support came from the University Grants Commission, New Delhi, and subsequently sponsorship continued from the Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi.